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Not only is teen pregnancy a high-risk situation, it is frightening for the teen to even consider the possibility that she is pregnant. Denial lends itself to the high incidence of late prenatal care if there is prenatal care at all. There were just under a quarter million pregnancies in women 15 to 19 in 2014. This number went down from the 2013 figure. Teen pregnancy, although falling in numbers, remains the highest in the industrialized countries (Weiss, 2017) . For the infants of these mothers, there is a higher rate of low-birth weights. Low-birth weight is associated with infant mortality and other health problems such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, dyslexia, and hyperactivity. These children fall victim to abuse and neglect and tend to suffer in school (Edelman, Mandle, & Kudzma, 2014, p. 525) .
What increases the chances of teen pregnancy? Living in poverty, having a mother that gave birth as a teen, living in a single-parent home, living in a home with frequent family conflict, early sexual activity, early use of drugs or alcohol, low self-esteem, and lastly, race and ethnicity are all risk factors for teen pregnancy (“Youth.gov,” n.d.) .
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention includes information on their website with links to more resources for help in teen pregnancy: https://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/parent-guardian-resources/index.htm . Arizona Department of Health Services has a great website for information and links. One of the links was for the site, The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. This site covers the topics such as birth control, cost of unplanned pregnancy, Latino community, and much more.
In Arizona, teen pregnancy rates have dropped 34% from 1999 to 2009 (“Teen pregnancy on decline,” 2011) . There are fewer births overall, even in the Hispanic population. This is thought to be because of fewer Hispanic population overall in Arizona.
Edelman, C., Mandle, C., & Kudzma, E. (2014). Health promotion throughout the life span (8th ed.). [Adobe Digital Editions version]. Retrieved from https://pageburstls.elsevier.com/#/books/9780323056625/cfi/6[s2]/6
Risk and protective factors. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://youth.gov/youth-topics/teen-pregnancy-prevention/risk-and-protective-factors
Teen pregnancy on the decline in Arizona. (2011). Retrieved from http://directorsblog.health.azdhs.gov/teen-pregnancy-on-the-decline-in-az/
Weiss, R. E. (2017). Facts about teen pregnancy. Retrieved from https://www.verywell.com/facts-about-teen-pregnancy-2760041